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新聞動態
 實驗室電爐工業鍋爐的節能措施

能源是發展國民經濟的命脈,是提高人民生活水平的重要物資基礎。隨著國民經濟的發展,對能源的需求日益增加。我國是能源資源比較豐富的國家,由于我國人口眾多,按人均的能源產量還是很低,約為世界平均水平的三分之一。因此,我國采取開發與節約并重的能源方針,把節能放在很重要的位置。由于我國能源利用水平較低,有很大的節能潛能。
Energy is the lifeblood of the development of the national economy and an important material basis for improving people's living standards. With the development of national economy, the demand for energy is increasing. China is a country rich in energy resources. Due to its large population, the per capita energy output is still very low, about one third of the world average. Therefore, our country adopts the energy policy of both development and conservation, and puts energy conservation in a very important position. Due to the low level of energy utilization in China, there is great potential for energy conservation.
實驗電爐,工業鍋爐是我國耗能多的設備之一,每年消耗的能源約占整個國家能源消耗的三分之一。而實驗電爐,工業鍋爐耗能是為了生產二次能源——蒸汽或熱水。蒸汽或熱水是通過熱力管網送往各種用熱設備。鍋爐、管網和用熱設備組成了熱力系統,該系統的能源利用率等于鍋爐熱效率、管網熱效率和用熱設備熱效率的乘積。
Experimental electric furnace and industrial boiler are one of the most energy consuming equipments in China, and the energy consumption accounts for about one third of the national energy consumption every year. The energy consumption of experimental electric furnace and industrial boiler is to produce secondary energy steam or hot water. Steam or hot water is sent to all kinds of heat equipment through the heat pipe network. Boiler, pipe network and heating equipment constitute the thermal system, and the energy utilization rate of the system is equal to the product of boiler thermal efficiency, pipe network thermal efficiency and heating equipment thermal efficiency.


由此可見,鍋爐耗能的大小不僅決定于本身熱效率的高低,而且也決定于熱力系統的能源利用率。因此,節省工業鍋爐耗能必 需從鍋爐、管網和用熱設備三方面系統地考慮。
It can be seen that the boiler energy consumption is not only determined by its thermal efficiency, but also by the energy utilization rate of the thermal system. Therefore, saving energy consumption of industrial boiler must be considered from boiler, pipe network and heat equipment.
實驗電爐,工業鍋爐效率低的重要原因是鍋爐容量太小,使能 量利用率降低。我國的實驗電爐,工業鍋爐主要用于供熱、采暖和生活,許多企事業單位只重視鍋爐本身的技術改造,提高出力和熱效率,而對能量的綜合利用考慮得較少,忽視了管網和用熱設備的滴漏散熱,結果是鍋爐愈改愈大,熱效率雖有很大的提高,但耗能卻很多,能源利用率不高。
The main reason for the low efficiency of experimental electric furnace and industrial boiler is that the boiler capacity is too small, which reduces the energy utilization rate. Our country's experimental electric furnace and industrial boiler are mainly used for heating, heating and living. Many enterprises and institutions only pay attention to the technical transformation of the boiler itself to improve the output and thermal efficiency, but pay less attention to the comprehensive utilization of energy, and ignore the leakage heat dissipation of pipe network and heat equipment. As a result, the bigger the boiler is, the higher the thermal efficiency is, but it consumes a lot of energy, Energy efficiency is not high.
因此,要提高鍋爐的能源利用率,除了要提高工業鍋爐本身的熱效率外,還要實行工業鍋爐的供熱系統節能、軟件節能與硬件節能相結合的全 方 位節能策略。
Therefore, in order to improve the energy efficiency of the boiler, in addition to improving the thermal efficiency of the industrial boiler itself, but also to implement the industrial boiler heating system energy-saving, software energy-saving and hardware energy-saving combination of all-round energy-saving strategy.

 
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